Dogs are perhaps the most popular pets in the world. They are known as man’s best friends, after all. Different people like different dogs, also. Some like pitbulls, some like German shepherds, others like huskies. Some people like large dogs, some people like small dogs. And speaking of small dogs, do you know which dog species are the smallest ones? Well, you’re about to find out who are the smallest dogs in the canine world in this World’s Smallest Dog article.
Chihuahuas, that’s who. Surprise, surprise, these tiny Mesoamerican dogs have the smallest average body mass of any dog breed.
How small are they, you might ask? Well, an average fully grown chihuahua weighs no more than 2.7 kilograms or about 6 pounds, with many weighing considerably less. They are also about 15 to 25 centimetres or 6 to 10 inches tall. They are smaller than Yorkshire terriers, pomeranians, toy poodles, papillons, pugs and shih tzus.
There are two “types” or genetic variations of chihuahuas – “apple” and “deer” headed chihuahuas.
Deer headed chihuahuas have facial features that resemble those of young deers. Their ears and legs are longer, heads are flat-topped and their eyes are further away from each other.
Apple headed chihuahuas have head that look like, surprise, surprise – apples. They’re eyes are also closer to each other and their ear and legs are shorter than deer headed chihuahuas’.
Chihuahuas have an interesting and not-fully-understood history. And it is very important to note that their history is not fully known and all assumptions are essentially intellectual guesses that are based on evidence that is sometimes strong and sometimes rather lacking. That being said, here we go.
Chihuahuas are thought to have emerged from modern Mexico. In fact, they get their name – Chihuahua, from a state in Mexico.
Many scientists think that modern chihuahuas are a cross breed of Mexican Techichi and either the Chinese Crested or Maltese Pocket Dog.
Wheeled dog toys of chihuahuas, both deer and apple headed, were found troughout Central America all the way from Mexico to El Salvador. They date back to about 100 AD, which means that chihuahua-like breed of dogs lived there about 1400 years before first Europeans arrived to the region.
Dog effigy pots depicting chihuahua-like dogs have been found in Georgia and Tennessee dating back to 1325 AD.
In 1520, Hernan Cortés mentioned, in a letter, that Aztecs raised and sold small dogs as food.
Chihuahuas tend to be very intelligent, playful and curious. They learn tricks very fast and can be tamed and trained to do many actions from an early age.
Chihuahuas are the smallest dogs in the world that could fit in most peoples palms and weigh almost nothing. While being little and cute, they’re also very intelligent and curious making them great pets for people living in small households who love dogs. And that concludes the World’s Smallest Dog article, hope you’ve enjoyed it!